Lung cancer is the term used to describe a growth of abnormal cells within the lung. These cells can grow more quickly than other cells and in doing so form a mass of abnormal cells that doctors call a tumour. If these abnormal cells first started growing in the lung then the tumour is described as a primary lung tumour – or a primary lung cancer.
Once cells from this tumour have been looked at under a microscope a name can be given to the type of tumour.
There are two main types of lung tumour – or lung cancer - and they are called:
- Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC)
- Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)
About 1 in 5 lung cancers are small cell – the rest are non-small cell.
Lung cancer presents in a variety of ways and tends to occur in people with a history of significant smoking..Exposure to other industrial toxins is occasionally relevant
Patients may develop unexplained continuing breathlessness, persistent cough, sometimes with blood, weight loss ,chest pain,or infection which fails to resolve or hoarse voice.. A chest X-ray then often leads to suspicion of the diagnosis. At that point referral for more specialist investigations is required. These can all be arranged by our service. Treatment and support ythen depends upon these assessments.